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4 Differences Between Leaders and Managers

Leaders and Manages aren’t the same.

John Kotter analysed the difference between leadership and management in business, in his book A Force For Change.

He noted that “good management brought a degree of order and consistency to key dimensions like the quality and profitability of products. “Leadership… [however] …does not produce consistency and order…; it produces movement.” (p. 4).  H

His research found that leaders have 4 characteristics:

1: intelligence


2. drive


3.    mental / emotional health

4.   integrity

His key point:  leaders possess all 4, not just a lot of one or some. 

And note the absence of charisma from the list. In my 30 year experience as a management consultant, I’d also add that #4 is the first to go from the list!  

Your thoughts?

About Dr. Duff Watkins [www.execsearch.com.au]

international executive search consultant / author-- dispensing career advice about how the job market really works


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Dr. Duff Watkins

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